After the end of the Australian income year (30th June), taxpayers need to lodge an annual income tax return which includes how much income was earned, such as salary and wages, and declare personal tax that was paid. The amount of tax people and businesses pay can be reduced by claiming deductions that are directly related to earning the income. Tax returns need to be lodged between July 1st and October 31st each year.
Paying a portion of your income is a mandatory obligation. An individual who earns over $18,200 per year, as well as Australian businesses, must allocate a portion of their income to the federal government as designated by Australian Tax Law.
Where The Revenue Comes From?
Income tax is the primary source of revenue for the federal government, which contributes $222.9 billion of the overall budget. There are several other categories that contribute to its cash flow, including non-tax revenue, customs duty, fuels excise and sales and other indirect taxes.
Why Do We Pay Tax?
The revenue the Australian Government receives goes to public services and infrastructure, including:
- Welfare and payments from Centrelink
- Roads and Railways
- Parks and playgrounds
Where Revenue Is Spent
Each year, the Australian Government budget sets out an economic and fiscal forecast which includes expenditure and revenue estimates for the current financial year, the budget year and three forward financial years. It shows how the Government intends to achieve its social and political priorities.
Some specifics on where the 2019- 2020 budget will be spent, includes:
- $3.6 billion additional revenue from the operations of the ATO Tax Avoidance Taskforce
- $3.9 billion for the Emergency Response Fund to respond to natural disasters
- $2 billion over 15 years for the Climate Solutions Fund
- Low and middle income tax offset will increase from $530 to up to $1,080 for singles (or up to $2,160 for couples) starting in 2018-19.
- Lowering the 32.5% tax rate to 30% in 2024-25. The income threshold for this bracket will be $45,001 to $200,000.
- $448.5 million from 2020-21 for hospital services and affordable medicines
- $3.9 billion for an Emergency Response Fund
- $300 million in grants for the cattle industry to respond to natural disasters
- $525 million skills package for new apprenticeships
- $528 million for the Royal Commission into Violence, Abuse, Neglect And Exploitation of People with Disability
- $386 million for sports participation funding for local clubs and elite sports pathways as part of the Sport 2030 plan
- $328 million over the next four years to implement the fourth action plan from the National Plan to Reduce Violence Against Women and their Children 2010-2022
- Defence spending projected to hit 2% of GDP by 2020-21.
- $174.1 million to re-transfer asylum seekers housed on Christmas Island
Taxes are paid so that we can live in a society that looks after our elderly, ill and less fortunate and takes an active role in educating and protecting its people. It is the responsibility of the government to spend tax revenue wisely and for the benefit of the country. If you feel you taxes could be spent better, contact your local member of parliament to discuss your concerns.
Your tax agent will help you work out what tax you need to pay and how much you’re eligible to claim back at tax time. ITP The Income Tax Professionals help Australian Individual and Businesses with their tax each year. Speak to a Professional today.